- 0.1 Construction Engineering
- 0.2 Structural Engineering
- 0.3 Transportation Engineering
- 0.4 Geotechnical Engineering
- 0.5 Surveying
- 0.6 Water Resource Engineering
- 0.7 Environmental Engineering
- 0.8 Municipal Engineering
- 0.9 Tunnel Engineering
- 0.10 Coastal Engineering
- 0.11 Earthquake Engineering
- 0.12 Material Engineering
- 1 HOW TO START A CAREER IN ENGINEERING-LATEST TIPS
Hello friends, in this article we will provide you all the details of related to Engineering Jobs because it is the best career option for the youths of today’. If you think you’d like to enter the engineering field but don’t know what to do next, read on for a step-by-step guide.
WHAT IS ENGINEERING ?
Engineering is the art of applying scientific and mathematical principles, experience, judgment, and common sense to make things that benefit people. Engineers design bridges and important medical equipment as well as processes for cleaning up toxic spills and systems for mass transit. Engineering is the process of producing a technical product or system to meet a specific need.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF ENGINEERING DEGREES
Engineering is expected to be a growth sector in the upcoming decade, and it is considered to be a top career. This is a career that can take you around the world, working on many different projects, in the four corners of the earth, and is a very well paid job to get into, with different branches of speciality, according to your areas of interest. In the past, engineering could be divided into four major branches: Mechanical, Chemical, Civil and Electrical, with sub branches of each discipline. Today however, the number of engineering degrees available have increased dramatically. There are now six major branches of engineering: Mechanical, Chemical, Civil, Electrical, Management, and Geotechnical, and literally hundreds of different subcategories of engineering under each branch.
Below are the most popular types of engineering degrees sorted by branch of engineering :-
I) COMPUTER ENGINEERING
Computer engineering is a discipline that integrates several fields of electrical engineering and computer science required to develop computer hardware and software. The Computer engineers are involved in many hardware and software aspects of computing, from the design of individual microcontrollers, microprocessors, personal computers, and supercomputers, to circuit design. This field of engineering not only focuses on how computer systems themselves work, but also how they integrate into the larger picture. Usual tasks involving computer engineers include writing software and firmware for embedded microcontrollers, designing VLSI chips, designing analog sensors, designing mixed signal circuit boards, and designing operating systems. Computer engineers are also suited for robotics research, which relies heavily on using digital systems to control and monitor electrical systems like motors, communications, and sensors.
An educational career in computer engineering can begin after class 10th. The individual is eligible to pursue only Diploma program in computer engineering. After successful completion of the course, they can join as a junior engineer in various public and private sector companies.
- BE/BTech in Computer Engineering requires 10+2 in Science with Physics, Chemistry and Maths.
- The selection is done on the basis of entrance tests (e.g. IITJEE, AIEEE, BITSAT etc.) conducted at national and state level.
- ME/MTech programs can be pursued with a GATE qualification.
- Those who are interested in studying further can join the PhD programs offered by various universities and technological institutions across the country.
a) Work experience, qualifications, performance are important factors in determining the salary level of Computer Engineers. In India, a fresh graduate from an average engineering college can expect starting monthly salary anywhere from Rs.10, 000 – Rs.25, 000.
b) With 1-2 years of industrial experience, the salary may go up to Rs. 50, 000 per month and more. Freshers from elite technological universities/colleges (IITs and NITs) are offered annual pay package of up to 10 lakh Indian Rupees.
II) CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
Chemical engineering is a discipline influencing numerous areas of technology. In broad terms, chemical engineers conceive and design processes to produce, transform and transport materials — beginning with experimentation in the laboratory followed by implementation of the technology in full-scale production.
Chemical engineers are in great demand because of the large number of industries that depend on the synthesis and processing of chemicals and materials. In addition to traditional careers in the chemical, energy and oil industries, chemical engineers enjoy increasing opportunities in biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, electronic device fabrication and environmental engineering. The unique training of the chemical engineer becomes essential in these areas when processes involve the chemical or physical transformation of matter.
- 10+2 Science with Physics, Chemistry, Maths is mandatory for admission into the graduation program of Chemical Engineering.
- Entrance Exams are conducted for admission into B.E. or B.Tech.
- A diploma in Chemical engineering gives the candidate a position of junior engineer and the course can be taken up after Class 10.
- M.Tech can be pursued after completion of B.E. or B.Tech.
- One can also pursue PhD after completion of postgraduate studies.
a) The average salary of a Chemical Engineering graduate is INR 477,180 per year.
b) Depending on the work experience, qualifications and performance of the individual, the salary rises and hence these are considered as important factors for growth in this field.
III) ARCHITECTURAL ENGINEERING
An architect is responsible for the design and construction of the buildings. Every building that you see around you started out as an idea in an architect’s mind. Jobs in architectural engineering are highly sought-after and you’ll need to have a good understanding of maths, science and design in order to work in this type of engineering career.
a) A bachelor’s degree in architecture (B.Arch) or Diploma in architecture is needed to become a qualified architect.
b) The basic eligibility criteria for B.Arch is 10+2 (senior secondary Class XII) or equivalent referred to as the qualifying examination from a recognized Board/University with a minimum of 50% marks in Science subjects (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics). Besides this, the candidate must qualify an entrance examination.
A fresh architectural graduate working as a trainee with established architects, starts with a salary of Rs. 4000 – 7000 per month. With in a short span of time, the earnings can rise up to Rs.10,000- 20,000 per month depending upon the experience and the work involved. In the government sectors, the pay scale is not as lucrative as the private sector, since it is set according to the rules by the government. The Council of Architecture has laid down a standard scale of remuneration for services. The individuals practicing through their own firm could earn a lot, and this could be from thousands to lakhs. Consultants charge anywhere between 4 and 10 per cent of the total cost of construction in case of apartments and multi storied buildings. They charge 15-20 per cent of the total cost of construction in the case of independent houses and bungalows.
IV) MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
A Mechanical Engineering Degree involves the design of mechanical systems. These systems assist industries such as: manufacturing, aeronautics, nanotechnology, nuclear power production, heating and cooling. A primary focus is on thermodynamics, structural analysis, materials science, and kinematics. This is arguably the broadest of all engineering degrees available today and takes in a wide range of engineering disciplines. The Mechanical Engineering Degree has a number of subsets that intermix with electronics and electrical engineering, such as Mechatronics.
To become a mechanical engineer one should have a graduate degree (B.E / B.Tech) or postgraduate degree (M.E) or at least a diploma in mechanical Engineering.
The basic eligibility criteria for a BE / B.Tech is 10+2 or equivalent examination, with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. After the bachelor’s one can go in for a post graduate degree. The postgraduate course generally offers specialized training in thermal engineering, design, and production engineering. Post graduate degrees are essential for most teaching posts and positions in management and an additional degree in business administration is desirable for management positions. There is also the Associate Membership Examination of the Institute of Engineers (AMIE), which enables working people in the private and public sector, or diploma holders to acquire a Bachelor’s engineering degree through distance education.
The remuneration and conditions of service depend on the industry and its function. Those engineers, who choose to work in the private sector, could negotiate their terms and conditions with the management themselves. Most fresh engineers start at Rs 15,000 to Rs 20,000 per month, with allowances. Those with an additional management degree in addition to engineering can command salaries of Rs 25,000 to Rs 40,000 per month.
V) CIVIL ENGINEERING
Civil engineering deals with infrastructures, from planning to designing, construction, operation and maintenance. It also involves improvement of existing infrastructures. Much like other engineering fields, aspects of life that people can take for granted are possible thanks to civil engineering, such as buildings, roads, power supplies, transportation and communication systems.
Branches of Civil Engineering
Civil Engineering possess huge scope and contains wide spectrum of sub-discplines. There are various fields within this engineering branch which you may choose to pursue your career. Below given is the list of Branches of Civil Engineering:
Water Resource Engineering
- 10+2 Science with Physics, Chemistry and Maths is mandatory for admission to a course in Civil Engineering.
- Entrance Exams (IITJEE, AIEEE, BITSAT etc.) are conducted at both the national and state level.
- For admission into M.Tech, one needs to qualify GATE.
- Diploma course for the position of junior engineer can be taken up after Class 10.
The average salary of a Civil Engineering graduate is INR 352,763. With experience, qualifications and performance, there is a steady rise in the salary level.
VI) ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
Electrical Engineering is a broad field of engineering which deals with the science and technology involving electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism, to design, construct, and maintain products, services, and information systems. Electrical engineering is the historical name for what is now called electrical, electronics, and computer engineering. Making a career in Electrical engineering will be challenging as well as rewarding. There are tremendous career prospects in this field in India as well as in other developed countries across the world.
(a) An aspirant for electrical engineering should start his/her academic career in Science at intermediate level i.e. plus two (with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics). After completion of class 12th or plus two in science stream one has to sit for entrance examination conducted both at national and state level (e.g. IITJEE, AIEEE, BITSAT etc.). After qualifying the entrance exam he/she would take up BE/BTech in Electrical engineering which is of four years duration.
(b) One can also go for Diploma program after completion of his/her class 10th. Here he/she will be recognized with the status of a junior engineer.
(c) One, who still wants to study further after completing BE/BTech, can pursue MTech program offered by Indian Institutes of Technology and few other engineering colleges in the country.
(d) Individuals with interests in research areas can pursue PhD after his/her post graduation studies for carrying out research works.
(e) AMIE Associate Memberships of the Institution of Engineers also offers courses in Electrical engineering which is equivalent to BE/BTech provided by other institutes/universities.
The average starting monthly salary of electrical engineering graduates in India ranges between Rs. 15,000 – Rs.25, 000. The pay-package in foreign countries is much higher as compared to India. Fresh graduates from elite technological institutions like Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), National Institutes of Technology (NITs) and Birla Institute of Technology get more remuneration as compared to others.
VII) PETROLEUM ENGINEERING
Petroleum Engineering is a recent development in the field of technical education which is becoming very much popular among young masses. Petroleum engineers are involved in the exploration and production activities of petroleum which is an upstream end of the energy sector.
The study covers a wide range of topics, including economics, geology, geochemistry, geomechanics, geophysics, oil drilling, geopolitics, knowledge management, seismology, tectonics, thermodynamics, well logging, well completion, oil and gas production, reservoir development, and pipelines etc. There are few institutions in India, offering B.Tech/M.Tech programs in Petroleum Engineering. The courses are taught by professionals from petroleum industries including ISM, ONGC, IOC and also academicians and researchers from several global centres dealing with petroleum technology and research.
The courses in Petroleum engineering are offered both at undergraduate and postgraduate level.
- B.Tech program in Petroleum Engineering also requires a minimum 10+2 qualification in Science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Maths with high percentage of marks in aggregate.
- M. Tech (Petroleum Engineering) is open to Petroleum, Petrochemical, Chemical and Mechanical Engineering graduates. Non Petroleum Engineering graduates have to undergo some introductory papers.
- One can also pursue PhD program after completing post-graduation. The research career is tough but rewarding.
Petroleum engineers are among the highest paid professionals in recent times. The reason for the high remuneration is due to relatively low number of qualified workers in the industry. Almost all graduating petroleum engineers go on to find employment. In India Petroleum engineers are paid monthly salary between Rs.25, 000 and Rs.40, 000 apart from other perks and benefits. The average starting salary of petroleum engineers in developed countries is about $50,000.
VIII) NUCLEAR ENGINEERING
Nuclear Engineering is based on the principle of nuclear physics which is taught in various colleges, universities, and research institutes. Nuclear Engineering & Technology provides knowledge about uses of nuclear fission, construction, design, processing and management of nuclear reactors as well as invention of nuclear materials.
In India, course in Nuclear Engineering & Technology is offered by different university departments and research institutes at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels and research programs are also offered at doctoral and postdoctoral levels.
- A minimum 10 + 2 level educational qualification or equivalent with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and English.
- Admission is offered on the basis of Entrance Examination.
- At the postgraduate level, candidates need to clear Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE).
Nuclear Engineers are considered top-notch professionals. A graduate in nuclear engineering normally earns Rs 20000 – Rs 45000 in the beginning of his career. Various other perks and facilities like residence, T.A., D.A. are also offered. However, this is not the limit and earning raises manifold based on performance and experience.
IX) AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING
Aeronautical / Aerospace Engineering is one of the most challenging fields of engineering with a wide scope for growth. This field deals with the development of new technology in the field of aviation, space exploration and defence systems. It specialises in the designing, construction, development, testing, operation and maintenance of both commercial and military aircraft, spacecrafts and their components as well as satellites and missiles.
- To be an aeronautical engineer one should have a graduate degree (B.E/B.Tech.) or at least a diploma in Aeronautics. The degree and postgraduate degree courses are offered by the engineering colleges and Institutes of Technology (IITs), and the diploma courses are available at polytechnics.
- The basic eligibility criteria for a BE / B.Tech is 10+2 or equivalent examination, with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics and must have a fairly high percentage of marks in the aggregate. One must also pass the qualifying exam JEE (Joint Entrance Exam) conducted by the IIT’s.
- The average start up salary in this field ranges from 1.5 lakh to 3.0 lakh per annum. The salary depends on academic excellence and skill set of individuals. The gross salary of a skilled and experienced aeronautical engineer varies between Rs 40,000-1.25 lakh per month.
- The Increment or hike in salary is relative to the employer, current position and one’s performance. Generally in government sector the salary hike is not much. But, in a private sector you may be offered better positions through which salary may be higher.
HOW TO START A CAREER IN ENGINEERING-LATEST TIPS
Do you have an analytical mind with a penchant for problem solving? If you’re good at designing things and you want to make a lot of money, becoming an engineer might be the right move for you. Majoring in engineering and getting relevant work experience are key to setting down the path to becoming an engineer. Once you’re sure engineering is the career for you, the sky’s the limit.
Take the classes that will prepare you. It will help you get into engineering school, and make school easier.
- Take math and science classes, as many as you can.
- If possible, take an AP class or two. Many would suggest AP Calculus, but not every high school offers them.
Do extracurricular activities that help you prepare as well.
- Look into a summer engineering program. Many of them are fun, and can get you learning faster.
- Have a fun engineering related hobby. You can have fun, make good money, and get down the road of engineering at the same time. You could fix computers, build speakers, build websites.
- Find a mentor who is an engineer.
Start to think about what kinds of Engineering you would like. You don’t need to decide, but it is good to think about it.
- Petroleum engineering pays more, but know that most jobs are outside big cities.
- Aerospace engineering is really cool (building fighter planes), but can be a bad job market if the defense budget is being cut.
- For the short term, maybe the long term, software and computer engineering will have tons of jobs.
Decide your major. Engineering has so many varieties, but your school may have a specialty.
- Think about the different kinds of engineering, such as mechanical engineering, software engineering, biomedical engineering, structural engineering, civil engineering, electrical engineering, and more. Note, in most schools, computer science is now in the engineering school as well. Many will call it computer engineering.
- If you are a pure quantitative person, you would want to be in the engineering school, and not have to deal with the pesky liberal arts classes. However, if you really like the variety, consider a double major with something very different.
- Remember that if you major in engineering, you can always decide not to work in Engineering. But if you don’t major in engineering, you won’t be able to work in engineering.
- If you are thinking about business school some day, remember that engineering school is a great background for an MBA.